Exercise is an action carried out systematically and consciously in order to improve the physical capacity of people movement.
Exercise can be defined as an activity that aims to improve health and fitness. Exercise is important for maintaining mental health and body. Whatever it from jogging to exercise difficult to do regularly.
Exercise and sport have been maintained over time in various forms; on the one hand, the power of tradition, habit, on the other hand, the body’s natural need for physical activity. While exercise has become a social phenomenon resulting in the formation of motor skills put at the service of production and organization of defense meant the biological nature of human perfection and was turned into an important component of one’s life.
The bodybuilding / fitness exercises are performed against resistance movements, namely, free weights, own weight, machines, elastic bands. Purposes of carrying out these exercises may be: increase muscle mass, increase strength, tone muscles, improve athletic performance, etc.
Characteristics of exercise:
*influences both biological sphere, and on the mental; Basic exercises are exercises that involve multiple joints and muscle groups and more is usually carried out with free weights (barbells, dumbbells). They aim to increase muscle mass and strength, they base building muscle groups. At squats, for example, they are involved joints thigh, knee and ankle. Squats are used primarily to develop the quadriceps, but also stimulate the femoral biceps, buttocks and legs. Isolation exercises are exercises that involve a single joint and one muscle group and is usually carried appliances or in some cases free weights. They are especially in periods of muscle definition. You must not attempt to use large loads, but to focus on a very strict form of execution. Isotonic exercises (“same tone”) refers to the complete muscle contraction. These types of exercises can be performed in order to develop certain muscle groups and increase flexibility in the joints, stretching the ligaments and blood circulation improvement. Isometric exercises (“same length”) usually involves the application of muscle strength against resistance, those muscles nemodificându and length. Examples are muscle strength exercise on a side wall or keeping arms, motionless. These exercises help strengthen arms, shoulders, chest and legs. Aerobic exercise. “Aerobic” means “with oxygen” and aerobic exercise involving several muscle engaged in continuous activity. Most bodybuilders, like other active people who train regularly performs certain types of aerobics. The goal is to burn as much fat by following a proper diet. Aerobic exercise helps the entire body: invigorates and strengthens muscles and other parts of the body that are required, improving efficiency lungs and muscles with which is performed breathing and improve their efficiency and capabilities of the heart which is made up almost entirely of muscle, calls continuously oxygen. Stretching exercises. This english word in another language translates to “stretch” but the sport has gained a broader meaning, that of “complex stretching exercises, with the ability to improve flexibility and mobility of the body.” Stretching keeps muscles supple, prepares you for movement and helps you make the daily transition from inactivity to vigorous activity without undue effort. Stretching exercises are excellent for those who want to increase their muscle mass. Even without training with weights, stretching has the ability to maintain strength and muscle mass to an acceptable level, and for those who are training exercises for stretching are recommended for improving mobility, prevent injuries, reduce the intensity of muscle soreness and hasten recovery, all meaning they ultimately increasing the overall performance and muscle mass default. Stretching involves stretching movements of the moving parts of joints and muscles. Joints stretch almost to the limit allowed. Stretching is performed after a preliminary heating of the entire musculature. It gradually increases muscle tone, strengthens and lengthens muscle fibers and periarticular tissues (tendons). Stretching type exercises increase muscle strength and endurance, stimulates blood flow and nutrients, thereby strengthening bones.
*systematically repeated by objectives;
*can adapt according to gender, age, degree of physical training;
*exercise content is determined by body movements or segments
*is quantified by volume, intensity and complexity.